Breathing problems

Cause di problemi respiratori, sintomi, diagnosi & trattamento


The breathing problems occur when you are not able to draw the breath completely inside your lungs. It is a condition that develops at once or it comes out slowly. The breathing difficulties are associated with a large number of different medical conditions that need to be sorted out to diagnose the cause.

If you suffer different episodes of sudden breathing difficulties it means that you are undergoing some serious health issues which need to be sorted out.

Stress and anxiety also cause breathing difficulties but they are temporarily and you become normal as soon as the triggering factors of stress and anxiety are removed.

Causes of Breathing Problems

There are numerous causes of breathing problems and it depends upon the organ causing them. The major problems occur in the respiratory and circulatory system which are the main cause of breathing difficulties a patient suffers.

Problemi respiratori del bambino e cause

The triggering factors of lung conditions are given down below:


Pneumonia is a condition that occurs due to inflammation occurring in lung tissue. The fluid and pus accumulate in the lungs and cause breathing difficulties, dolore al petto, febbre, and productive cough.


Asthma is a condition that occurs due to the narrowing of lung channels. It is usually due to the hypersensitivity of lung tissue to various environmental factors like pollen, fumare, and weather changes. The person suffers shortness of breath, wheezing and chest tightness

Embolia polmonare

L'embolia polmonare è dovuta al blocco delle arterie che forniscono il tessuto polmonare. Gli altri sintomi ad esso associati sono la tosse, respiro sibilante, sudorazione, e difficoltà a respirare.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (BPCO)

Comprende una varietà di malattie polmonari che si verificano ostruzione e scarsa funzionalità polmonare. Il paziente ha difficoltà a respirare, oppressione toracica, e tosse.

Ipertensione polmonare

L'ipertensione polmonare è una condizione che si verifica quando la pressione sanguigna che alimenta il tessuto polmonare ha una pressione più alta. Si verifica a causa di insufficienza cardiaca e dolore al petto, fiato corto, fatigue are the main symptoms of this condition.

Croup occurs as a result of infection of lung tissue and is associated with breathing difficulties and barking cough. It is a disease that occurs in children of age less than 3 Anni.

Symptoms and Signs

The main symptom of breathing problems is that you feel that you are not able to breathe in a sufficient amount of air to supply all the lung tissue. You feel shortness of breath and you may suffer other signs as well which are:

Breathing problems

The person breathes faster in order to make maximum oxygen to reach the lung tissue.
There is wheezing which is due to the narrowing of air channels. Wheezing is referred to as a sound that is made out of breathing.

The color change of the person and he may have red or blue colored complexion as a result.

The lips and fingernails may become blue.

There is excessive flaring of nostrils which is due to increased efforts to make the oxygen reach inside lung tissue to treat the breathing problems.

The person may suffer excessive sweating as a result.

There may be other symptoms that indicate a serious underlying problem and may suggest that the cause is other than the lung tissue.

Various heart conditions can also cause respiratory difficulties.

Other signs and symptoms associated with breathing problems are:

  • tightness in the chest
  • barking cough
  • a sense of pressure inside the chest
  • high grade fever
  • sitting up constantly to relieve shortness of breath
  • difficulty to sleep at night due to do breathing difficulties

How to Diagnose Breathing Problems?

For making a diagnosis of your breathing problems, you need to consult your physician. He will examine you and will ask you about a brief history which we include some questions like:

  1. For how long have you been suffering from this problem?
  2. Is the condition mild or severe?
  3. Does this condition aggravate at night time?
  4. Does the sitting position affect your problems?
  5. Is it associated with other conditions like fever, oppressione toracica, e tosse?

After taking a short history from you, he will perform your physical examination to rule out the blueness of nails, carnagione pallida, or blue lips.

Depending upon your physical examination he may ask you to perform one of the following

Diagnostic tests:

  1. Emocromo completo
  2. Radiografia del torace
  3. Ecocardiogramma
  4. Elettrocardiogramma (ECG)
  5. Pulmonary functions tests
  6. Radiografia toracica elicoidale
  7. Scansione TC

Treatment Options to Treat Breathing Difficulties:

Following are the best treatments for Breathing problems:


antihistamines are usually given to the patient who has allergies and the breathing difficulties are triggered by exposure to pollen, polvere, or exercise. They reduce the allergic reactions occurring inside the body and hence treat the patient.

Oxygen therapy:

In extreme cases when the patient is really critical he may need oxygen therapy with a hundred percent oxygen. It is usually given at the end stage of disease when the other therapies have failed.


The inhalers provide us sudden relief from breathing problems. Whenever you suffer an attack of shortness of breath, you inhale some medicines which may treat it.

Inhaling moist air/ steam

L'aria umida può aiutare ad alleviare una serie di problemi respiratori e puoi provare a dare vapore alla persona che soffre di mancanza di respiro.

Lifestyle changes:

Cambiare stile di vita può risolvere prontamente i sintomi. Se hai la sinusite o se vivi in ​​alta quota, i sintomi dei tuoi problemi respiratori possono aggravarsi, quindi è importante che tu tratti le condizioni sottostanti e cerchi di vivere a un'altitudine inferiore per trattare la tua condizione.


The prognosis of this condition is usually good if the disease is treated as early as possible. The earlier the disease therapy is started, the more are the chances of patients to survive the condition.

Quando cercare aiuto medico?

When you are suffering from breathing problems associated with chest tightness, febbre, respiro sibilante, tosse produttiva, you may need to consult your health care provider. Your physician after performing your general physical examination may give you medications that may help you to relieve your breathing difficulties.

The earlier you seek medical help the more are your chances to enjoy a healthy life.

Tag correlati: I migliori rimedi per problemi respiratori

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