Rhinoplasty is a reshaping of the nose or changes the size of the nose, therefore, it is also termed as “Nose Job“. Rhinoplasty is reshaping of defected part of the nose. The nose has bones as well as the cartilage in its anatomy. The upper portion of the nose is bone, and the lower portion is cartilage. Rhinoplasty can change bone, cartilage as well as skin. Rhinoplasty is actually a cosmetic surgery in which the shape of the nose is changed according to desire. It can change the shape of the nose, size of nose, or proportions of the nose.
Types Of Rhinoplasty
There are two types of rhinoplasty or nose job. It can be of two types.
1- Constructive Surgery
Constructive rhinoplasty is actually done for cosmetic purposes. It doesn’t need any medical reasons such as birth defects or injury. However, it is basically done to make the nose more appealing according to desired.
2- Reconstructive Surgery
This type of rhinoplasty restores the functions of the nose that improves the appearance and shape of the nose. Reconstructive surgery also resolves nasal injuries or nasal injuries by joining the bone parts by the skin. It also treats the birth defects and breathing problems. A bump nose, wide nostrils, recurrent sinusitis, narrow nostril width, the angle between the nose and mouth, or deviated nasal septum are efficiently resolved by the reconstructive rhinoplasty.
Method’s of Rhinoplastic Surgery
On the basis of the method of the surgery which a surgeon adopts, it is divided further into two types.
1- Open Rhinoplasty
In open rhinoplasty, the columella is cut down ( columella is the end part of the nasal septum that separates the right and left airways of the nose and makes nostrils). Its name indicates it is an exposure of the nasal parts to the environment.
2- Closed Rhinoplasty
In closed rhinoplasty, the incisions are made only within the nose itself and do not include any cut of columella or another visible cut. It allows the patient to recovers faster than open surgery. It is less invasive than the open rhinoplasty due to less exposure to the environment. Postoperative complications, the process of healing, the degree of scarring, and the care a patient requires after the operation is different between both types of rhinoplasty.
Why Rhinoplasty Is Done?
Rhinoplasty is done to repair the deformities of the injured portion of the nose, correct the congenital defects of the nose, and improve the breathing or nose functions.
Rhinoplasty can change the size, shape, or proportions of your nose. It may be done to repair deformities from an injury, correct a birth defect, or improve some breathing difficulties.
It is also has done for deviated nasal septum to reshape the nose. Many actors, actresses, or celebrities undergo this nose job for cosmetic purposes. Recurrent sinusitis or breathing difficulties can also be a reason for rhinoplasty.
How Does Long Rhinoplasty Surgery Take To Recover?
Like other surgery, after rhinoplastic surgery, you may experience bruising around the eyes or swelling around the nose which will begin to resolve after the third day but persists up to 2 weeks. A nasal splint is usually worn for the first week after the rhinoplastic surgery. The healing process is different in different individuals due to the various responsibilities of the body.
Complications of Rhinoplasty Surgery
Like other surgery, this surgery can also be complicated due to anesthetic reactions, during operation non-sterilized instruments and healing outcomes. Every individual suffered from different complications because of different responses to the healing process. Some complications are rare or occur at once. Some complications are given below which can be due to pre-operative, intra-operative, or post-operative.
- Swelling of turbinates during operation
- Collapse of cartilage
- Nasal obstruction
- Infections due to poor hygiene or carelessness
- Bleeding from the nose can be so severe, you can need a blood transfusion.
- Excessive dryness
- Chronic nasal discharge
- Septal perforation
- Failure to restore
- Infection of the eye
- Worsening of the sense of smell or taste