The first trimester Pregnancy starts on the first day of your last menstrual period and remains until the 12 weeks of pregnancy. It actually consists of the first three months of pregnancy during which the ovum is first fertilized with sperm, then attached to the uterine wall, and then begins to grow further. It is a very critical trimester because the main body systems are being formed in these three months like heart, respiratory system or lungs, and brain development.
Any malnourished, drugs, injury, or carelessness can cause the structural deformation of these systems like congenital heart defects, neural tube defects, the lung collapsed, or spina bifida. Therefore, pregnant women need very care, attention, and emotional support during this phase.
Pregnancy Test during First Trimester
It is the trimester when pregnancy is confirmed or being tested by ultrasound or urine pregnancy tests. Nowadays, a urine test is mostly used because when married women missed their periods, they do a urine test at home with a pregnancy strip. Some women preferred to have an ultrasound to confirm the pregnancy for the safe side.
When you confirmed your pregnancy, go for your appointments. Take a healthy diet like vegetables, meat, milk, fruit, and salad. Also, do light exercise to stay fresh. Drink plenty of water and fresh juices. Reduce your anxiety. Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Stay happy and comfortable. If there is any unusual happening like bleeding, vaginal discharge, or else, go to your doctor immediately.
Why Folic Acid Supplements Are Recommended?
Folic acid is called a pregnancy hero.
Having a vitamin with the recommended 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid prenatal, before and during the pregnancy. It can help to prevent the birth defects in your baby like neural tube defects, mental retardation, heart defects or spina bifida. Why it prevents? Because cells of the brain or spinal cord need folic acid to divide. In the absence of folic acid, cells will not be able to divide efficiently and birth defects are seen. Therefore, Take these tablets every day for three months and go ahead and also have a bowl of fortified cereal.
Symptom’s of the first trimester Pregnancy
A lot of things happen during the first trimester. Many physical changes happen due to the production of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on the fertilization of ovum and sperm. This hCG hormone and other pregnancy hormones change the physical appearance of the mother that she may look pregnant, changes the internal environment of the body as well. Some common signs and symptoms of the first trimester include
Production of hCG hormone, progesterone, prolactin, or other pregnancy hormones
Nausea is a very common symptom that may worsen by allergy, pungent smell, chili, or traveling. It can be occurred at any time or may be associated with vomiting or not.
Breasts begin to swollen and tender. Progesterone, estrogen, and prolactin hormone leave the breast sore. Areola begins to expand and darken. The nipple becomes more enlarged and hyperpigmented. The size of the Breast increases during pregnancy due to the production of milk for the baby.
The uterus begins to expand to make the roomy space for the baby.
It is an evident 3 Week Pregnant Symptoms. The abdominal bump is actually beginning to prominent after the three months when mostly women exposed their pregnancy. You may also feel little cramps or pain.