The first trimester Pregnancy starts on the first day of your last menstrual period and remains until the 12 weeks of pregnancy. It actually consists of the first three months of pregnancy during which ovum is first fertilized with sperm, then attached to the uterine wall, and then begins to grow further. It is a very critical trimester because the main body systems are being formed in these three months like heart, respiratory system or lungs, and brain development.

Any malnourished, drugs, injury, or carelessness can cause the structural deformation of these systems like congenital heart defects, neural tube defects, the lung collapsed, or spina bifida. Therefore, pregnant women need very care, attention, and emotional support during this phase.

Pregnancy Test during First Trimester

It is the trimester when pregnancy is confirmed or being tested by ultrasound or urine pregnancy tests. Nowadays, a urine test is mostly used because when married women missed their periods, they do a urine test at home with a pregnancy strip. Some women preferred to have an ultrasound to confirm the pregnancy for the safe side.

First trimester
Image Source
During this first trimester, your baby grows faster than at any other time. Therefore, this is the time when you need extra nutrition or energy because you are not only nourishing your body but also your baby. In the six weeks, the heartbeat of the baby can usually be heard. By the end of week 12, your baby’s bones, muscles, and all the organs of the body have formed, therefore, the first trimester is known to be a phase of organic-genesis. At this time, your baby looks like a tiny human being and is now called a fetus. He or she will also start practicing swallowing.

When you confirmed your pregnancy, go for your appointments. Take a healthy diet like vegetables, meat, milk, fruit, and salad. Also, do light exercise to stay fresh. Drink plenty of water and fresh juices. Reduce your anxiety. Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Stay happy and comfortable. If there is any unusual happening like bleeding, vaginal discharge, or else, go to your doctor immediately.

Why Folic Acid Supplements Are Recommended?

Folic acid is called a pregnancy hero.

Having a vitamin with the recommended 400 micrograms (mcg) of folic acid prenatal, before and during the pregnancy. It can help to prevent the birth defects in your baby like neural tube defects, mental retardation, heart defects or spina bifida. Why it prevents? Because cells of the brain or spinal cord need folic acid to divide. In the absence of folic acid, cells will not be able to divide efficiently and birth defects are seen. Therefore, Take these tablets every day for three months and go ahead and also have a bowl of fortified cereal.

Symptom’s of the first trimester Pregnancy

A lot of things happen during the first trimester. Many physical changes happen due to the production of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on the fertilization of ovum and sperm. This hCG hormone and other pregnancy hormones change the physical appearance of the mother that she may look pregnant, changes the internal environment of the body as well. Some common signs and symptoms of the first trimester include

Production of hCG hormone, progesterone, prolactin or other pregnancy hormones

Nausea is a very common symptom that may worsen by allergy, pungent smell, chili or traveling. It can be occurred at any time or may be associated with vomiting or not.

Motion Sickness

motion sickness is another very attention seeking symptom of the first trimester. Progesterone hormone makes them lazy, sleepy, and tired. Also, it makes them very emotionally unstable.

Breast Tenderness

Breasts begin to swollen and tender. Progesterone, estrogen, and prolactin hormone leave the breast sore. Areola begins to expand and darken. Nipple becomes more enlarged and hyperpigmented. The size of Breast increases during pregnancy due to the production of milk for the baby.

Uterus Expansion

The uterus begins to expand to make the roomy space for baby.

Abdominal distension

It is an evident 3 Week Pregnant Symptoms. Abdominal bump is actually beginning to prominent after the three months when mostly women exposed their pregnancy. You may also feel little cramps or pain.